Chemical Technology (BSc)
These Departmental regulations shall be read in conjunction with the General Regulations for undergraduate degrees and the Faculty Regulations.
2. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
2.1 The programme aims to provide a broad range of chemical technologies that enables graduates to work effectively in industry. There is emphasis on the application of chemical knowledge and entrepreneurship.
2.2 The programme hopes to achieve the following broad objectives:-
– develop skills and attitudes that will enable graduates to participate actively in the development of the country
– produce professionals who can utilise natural resources (agriculture, mining, water, air) for the benefit of the country
– produce professionals who are innovative and capable of creating employment for themselves
– positively impact on the life of the ordinary Zimbabwean.
3. CAREER PROSPECTS
After completing the programme graduates will be open to the following opportunities:
– starting a chemical manufacturing business.
– in chemical industry as technical business analysts, production managers (supervisor), product development chemists/managers, quality controllers, quality assurance managers
– in the public sector such as customs(chemical experts) environmental pollution control, industrial development organisations and industrial/research laboratories.
– in the Police Force as Forensic Scientist.
– as chemists in food, metallurgical, pharmaceutical, textile, paint, agrochemicals, plastics, rubber and allied, pulp and paper, mining industries and agriculture, water and effluent treatment plants.
4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
4.1 Normal Entry
In order to qualify for normal entry to a Bachelor of Science Chemical Technology Honours Degree, a prospective student must satisfy the Entry Requirements specified in the General Regulations and the Faculty Regulations. In addition the applicant must:
4.1.1 have obtained a Pass at `A’ level in Chemistry and Physics or Mathematics and any one of the following subjects or their equivalents: Biology, Computer Science and Food Science.
4.2 Special Entry
The following persons may apply for Special Entry and for permission to proceed to a first degree with exemption from the whole or part of the normal entry requirements:
4.2.1 A person who has obtained a degree of this or another university or degree awarding institution.
4.2.2 A person who has obtained from another university or an institution of similar status, academic qualifications (other than degrees) acceptable to Senate. These may include a diploma in Applied Chemistry, Food Science and Chemical Engineering.
4.2.3 Students who qualify under the Special Entry Provisions may apply to Senate to be exempted from certain modules and examinations.
5. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE.
N.B * denotes core modules.
Level 1 Semester 1
|*CT102||Inorganic Chemistry I||4|
|CT 109||Mineral Processing||4|
|*CT 104||Analytical Techniques I||4|
|CT 105||Laboratory Techniques||4|
|*CS 101||Basic Communication Skills||4|
Level 1 Semester 2
|CT 107||Polymer Chemistry||4|
|CT 108||Industrial Chemistry||4|
|*CT 103||Organic Chemistry I||4|
|CT 106||Material Chemistry||4|
|*HCS101||Introduction to Computers and Application||4|
Level 2 Semester 1
|*CT 201||Physical Chemistry II (HCT 101)||4|
|*CT 202||Inorganic Chemistry II (HCT 102)||4|
|*CT 203||Organic Chemistry II (HCT 103)||4|
|*CT 204||Chemical Instrumentation I (HCT 104)||4|
|CT 205||Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry||4|
|*GS 201||Gender Studies||4|
Level 2 Semester 2
|CT 207||Material Technology I (CT 107)||4|
|CT 208||Plastics Technology I (CT 103) 4||4|
|*CT 209||Mineral Technology I (CT 109)||4|
|*CT210||Laboratory Quality Management Systems||4|
|*CT 211||Quality Management Systems||4|
|CT313||Research Methods and Statistics||4|
|*CT 206||Industrial Technology (CT 106)||4|
Level 3 Semester 1 and 2
|CT 301||Work Related Learning Report||15|
|CT 302||Academic Supervisor’s Report||15|
|CT 303||Employer’s Assessment Report||10|
Level 4 Semester 1
|*CT 401||Physical Chemistry III (CT 201)||4|
|*CT 402||Inorganic Chemistry III (CT 202)||4|
|*CT 403||Organic Chemistry III (CT 203)||4|
|CT 404||Chemical Instrumentation II (CT 204)||4|
|CT 405||Pharmaceutical Technology (CT 205)||4|
|CT 406||Pulp and Paper Technology||4|
Level 4 Semester 2
|CT 407||Material Technology II (CT 207)||4|
|CT 408||Plastics Technology II (CT 208)||4|
|CT 409||Mineral Technology II (CT 209)||4|
|CT410||Forensic Technology (CT204)||4|
|CT 412||Paint Technology||4|
6. MODULE SYNOPSES
CT101 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I
Thermodynamics, Work, heat and energy, first law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible changes, thermo chemistry, reaction kinetics, electrochemistry, thermodynamics of electrochemical cells, ions in solution.
CT102 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
Atomic Structure, Electronic structure of atoms, Periodicity of atomic properties, Polyatomic molecules, Transition Metal Chemistry: Introduction to the magnetic properties of transitional metal complexes. Practical Inorganic Chemistry: Qualitative analysis.
CT 103 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
Bonding and structure of organic reactions and their mechanisms, stereochemistry, projection formulae i.e. Fischer, Saw horse, Newman, D/L configurations, R/S systems, compounds with more than one chiral centre. Aromatic chemistry, aromatic substitution reactions, Organic practicals: isolation of selected simple natural products from local plant materials.
CT 104 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES I
Ionic Equilibrium, Chemical composition of solutions Chemical equations and stoichiometry, Elementary treatment of analytical data, Gravimetric Methods: Precipitation from homogeneous precipitation (PFHS), Volumetric (titrimetric) methods of analysis.
CT 105 LABORATORY TECHNIQUES
Sampling techniques, separation and purification techniques, Concentration techniques, Apparatus/instrumental basis handling techniques.
CT 106 MATERIAL CHEMISTRY
Structure, processing properties and performance. The range of engineering materials, structure of materials, growth of metal crystals, slip, dislocations, movement of dislocations. Structure of alloys: Gibbs phase rule, phase diagrams for binary alloys, properties and phase diagram, precipitation. Structure of non-metals, ceramics, structure of electric and magnetic materials, Materials of engineering: Ferrous alloys: Heat treatment of steels, Wood.
CT 107 POLYMER CHEMISTRY
Polymerisation methods, bonding in polymers, polymerisation reactions and their mechanisms, structure and stereochemistry, polymerisation practice/techniques, molecular masses of polymers, characterisation of polymers, ageing of polymers, properties and applications of selected polymer, polymer waste disposal and recycling, new trends in polymer chemistry. Practical polymer chemistry.
CT 108 INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY
Unit operations, industrial finance, industrial separation processes, drying of solids, industrial gases: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Argon, Helium, Hydrogen, liquefied Natural Gases: Acetylene, Carbon dioxide, Nitrous oxide, sulphur and sulphuric acid, Nitrogen compounds: Cement: Wood: Paper Technology.
CT 109 MINERAL PROCESSING
Introduction to Metallurgical Principles: Mineral dressing, Extraction, Refining.
GS 201 INTRODUCTION TO GENDER STUDIES
Refer to Gender Studies department.
CT 201 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II
Quantum Mechanics and Molecular Spectroscopy: The Dawn of the Quantum Theory Postulates of Quantum Mechanics. Molecular Spectroscopy, Raman spectra, General & Gas Phase Kinetics, Simple Collision theory of bimolecular reactions, The transition state theory, Unimolecular reactions, Lindermann mechanisms, RRKM Theory, Complex reactions, Unbranched chain reaction, Explosion reactions.
CT 202 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
Periodic trends of elements and their compounds Groups I to VIII.
Introduction to bonding in coordination compounds: valence bond theory, crystal field theory, ligand field theory and molecular orbital theory. Isomerism in coordination compounds Jahn Teller distortions and geometry in complex compounds. Introduction to spectra Electron transfer reactions: inner sphere mechanism and outer sphere mechanism.
Practical inorganic chemistry:synthesis and characterization.
CT 203 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
Introduction to organic spectroscopy, Synthetic Methods 1 and Reaction mechanism, Formation of C-C bonds, Multi-centre reactions e.g. Wittig and Diels Alder reactions, oxidation reactions, Epoxidation of alkenes and ring opening, Reduction reactions. Practical in organic chemistry.
CT 204 CHEMICAL INSTRUMENTATION I
Introduction to Instrumental methods, Statistical treatment of analytical data, Spectroscopic methods of analysis, Chromatographic methods of analysis, Electrochemistry, Practical.
CT 205 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
Selective toxicity, Drug design and development, Synthesis of some pharmaceutical products: analgesics, anti-allergy agents, antibacterial, antibiotics, antidepressants, and antiviral.
CT 206 INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY II
Unit operations, Industrial Finance, Industrial separation processes, Drying of Solids. Industrial gases: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Argon, Helium, Hydrogen, Liquefied Natural Gas, Acetylene, Carbon dioxide, Nitrous oxide. Sulphur and sulphuric acid: Nitrogen compounds: Cement: Wood: Paper Technology.
CT 207 MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY I
Structure, processing properties and performance. The range of engineering materials, Structure of materials, growth of metal crystals, slip, dislocations, movement of dislocations. Structure of alloys: Gibbs phase rule, phase diagrams for binary alloys, properties and phase diagrams, precipitation. Structure of non-metals, ceramics, Structure of electric and magnetic materials, Materials of engineering: Ferrous alloys: Heat treatment of steels, Wood.
CT 208 PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY I
Definition of terms used in plastic technology, Polymer structure, Testing of plastics, Plastics Rheology, Plastics and the environment.
CT 209 MINERAL TECHNOLOGY I
Metallurgical Principles. Mineral dressing: Milling Size Control. Separation Principal Exploitable characteristics, Refining, Fire Assaying, Calculation of gold and silver. Critical success factors. Limitations and limit of detection Effect of impurities. Analysis of the PGMS.
CT 210 LABORATORY QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
Quality Assurance in Chemical: The Chemical Laboratory: Quality Systems and Quality Assurance, Total Quality Management Systems. (TQM). Quality Control in Chemical Measurement Systems: Methods selection and validation, Equipment calibration and maintenance, Estimation of measurement uncertainty, Data handling, Quality Assessment of Chemical measurement systems: laboratory management: Safety and health.
CT 211 QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
Basic concepts, Statistical tools in Quality Control, Metrology, Inspection, Reliability and Dependability, New product quality, Quality specifications, Supplier relationship, Manufacture of quality, Customer relations, Quality Audit, Economics of Quality, Quality Data, Improving Quality, Human Factors in Quality, Quality Policy and Objectives, Quality Systems, Organisation of Quality, Quality Consulting, Practical Work.
CT213 RESEARCH METHODS AND STATISTICS
Multi variate and descriptive statistics.
CT 401 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY III
Ionic and Solution Kinetics: Kinetics and mechanism of thermal and photochemical reactions. Surface Chemistry: the liquid-air interface, the Kelvin equation liquid to liquid interface, the liquid-solid-air interface. Practical Physical Chemistry.
CT 402 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY III
Further properties of transition metal compounds, reaction mechanisms, introduction to photochemical reactions, organometallic chemistry fundamental concepts. Practical Inorganic Chemistry.
CT 403 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY III
Heterocyclic Chemistry, Further Aromatic Chemistry, Carbohydrate Chemistry
CT 404 CHEMICAL INSTRUMENTATION II
Instrumental Method of analysis, Electrochemical methods, Modified voltammetric methods, Spectroscopic methods, Radiochemical methods, Chromatographic methods, Practical.
CT 405 PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY
Industrial preparation of drugs, application, extraction of drugs from herbal plants, marketing, preparation.
CT 406 PULP AND PAPER TECHNOLOGY
Basic concepts, Overview of Paper and Board making, Pulping technology, Stock preparation, Secondary fibre utilization, chemical additives, Sheet formation, Paper machine pressing, Drying paper and board, Properties and testing of pulp, paper and board, Instrumentation and process control, Pulp and paper mill services, pollution abatement.
CT 409 MINERAL TECHNOLOGY II
Extraction metallurgy, Pyrometallugy, Hydrometallurgy, Refining, Marketing, Foundry Technology.
CT 410 FORENSIC TECHNOLOGY
Chemical toxicology, environmental toxicology, forensic aspects of toxicology, types of poisons, how poisons act, treatment of acute poisoning and control of poisonous material, Forensic anthropology.
CT 411 FUEL TECHNOLOGY
Petrochemicals, Hydrocarbon fuels, Coal, Coke
CT 412 PAINT TECHNOLOGY
Production, Sources of pigments, dyes, inorganic and organic pigments, analysis, design.
CT 413 AGROCHEMICALS
Manufacturing of fertilizers, Pesticides, Insecticides and Fungicides, Organic fertilizers, environmental pollution control, Water quality control. Analysis of Agro Chemicals.
CT 414 Dissertation
Students will carry out research projects on a topic of their choice concerning pertinent issues in chemical technology under the guidance of their supervisors.
MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MATERIAL CHEMISTRY
The programme is aimed at providing advanced knowledge, insights and skills in the field of Material Chemistry, Science and Technology applicable to current, and forecast trends in developing, as well as the developed countries. The programme also seeks to provide an interface between the modern materials production and processing technologies.
These Regulations should be read in conjunction with the Faculty of Science and Technology Regulations and the General Academic Regulations for Post-Graduate Degrees herein after referred to as the General Regulations.
1.1 The degree shall be awarded to candidates who have successfully completed the programme in accordance with regulations set in the Faculty Regulations.
To produce an innovative post-graduate Materials Technologist with the following attributes:
– Involvement in Research and Development of new products
– Capability of continuously improving quality of products in a manufacturing environment.
– High degree of inventiveness and capable of creating employment
– Ability to teach undergraduate students at any university
3. Career Prospects
After completing the Post-graduate degree programme, graduates will be able to
– teach at universities
– work in various industries which include plastics manufacture, ceramics, wood processing, alloying of materials or any industry which is into smelting of ores or metals as design engineers, production managers, product development technologists, research scientists
– work as consultants in all industries which use materials technological applications as material technologists in textile, paint, rubber, and allied, pulp and paper and mining industries
4. Entry Requirements
At least a good first degree in Chemistry, Chemical Technology or Material Science from any university recognized by Midlands State University.
5. General Provisions
The degree programme will be persued on a part time basis. With minimum and maximum permitted duration for completion of studies governed by General Regulations.
5.2 The dissertation shall be done in level two semester two during which time the student is expected to undertake research.
5.3 Each candidate is expected to submit a dissertation of at least one hundred and thirty (130) to one hundred and fifty pages (150).
5.4 The format of the dissertation shall be provided by the Department of Chemical Technology.
6.1 Formal examinations will be held at the end of each semester in the first three semesters.
6.2 Continuous assessment shall account for 40% of the overall assessment, while the final examination account of 60% of the overall assessment
6.3 The aggregate pass mark shall be 50%
6.4 The aggregate pass mark shall comprise a pass in the final examination and a pass in the continuous assessment.
7. Provisions for Progression
7.1 A student must pass modules worth at least 32 credits in the first level in order to proceed to the second level.
7.2. To graduate a student should have accumulated 64 credits.
8. Marking Scheme
Refer to Section 21 of the General Regulations.
9. Degree weighting
For the purpose of degree classification, the parts of the degree programme will be weighted as follows:
Level 1 level 2.1 taught modules (semesters 1,2 and 3) 70%
Level 2 (dissertation) 30%
10. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION
Refer to section 8 of the General Academic regulations
11. Notification of results
Refer to section 42 of the General Regulations
12. Programme structure
Level 1Semester 1
|MMCH 701||Introduction to Material Chemistry||4|
|MMCH 702||Characterisation of Materials||4|
|MMCH 703||Research Methods and Statistics||4|
|MMCH 704||General Aspects of Laboratory Management||4|
|MMCH 705||Practical 1||4|
Level 1Semester 2
|MMCH 706||Polymer Technology||4|
|MMCH 707||Materials Recycling||4|
|MMCH 708||Adhesives Technology||4|
|MMCH 710||Practical 2||4|
Level 2 Semester 1
|MMCH 800||Total Quality Management||4|
|MMCH 801||Practical 3||4|
Electives: Choose any one
|MMCH 802||Nanomaterials 4||4|
Level 2 Semester 2
13. Module Synopsis
MMCH 701 Introduction to Materials Technology
Metals, ceramics, polymers and composite materials. The course will show that the behavior of materials is directly linked to their fundamental structures, and how structures and hence properties may be altered through processing. Properties, processing, design and environmental protection and degradation will be considered. Basic concepts of fracture mechanics and fatigue, with emphasis on practical applications for metals, ceramics, polymers and composites will be dealt with.
MMCH 702 Characterisation of Materials
Characterisation methods based on microscopy, chemical, physical and structural analysis and thermal techniques for materials and coatings. Physical characterization of materials include microscopy by light, electrons and scanned probes, diffraction, X-ray analysis and vibrational spectroscopies. Surface analysis by electron and ion spectroscopies using light electron, X-ray and ion beams. X-ray analysis-energy dispersive and wavelength dispersive spectrometry (EDS and WDS); surface analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES); together with the ion beam techniques of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and Rutherford backscattereing spectrometry (RBS). Structure determination by X-ray and electron diffraction (XRD and ED). Emphasis should be paid to the use of a variety of methods in multi-technique approaches for the characterization of materials.
MMCH 703 Research Methods and Statistics
Principles of research, managing a research project; performing a literature review; organizing and performing data collection, analysis and presentation; writing and presenting a technical paper/report; understanding the dynamics of team working; critically evaluating a given research project and applying the findings appropriately; developing subject-specific skills.
Major project: carried out in teams and reported in written and oral form.
MMCH 704 General Aspects of Laboratory Management
The chemical laboratory, laboratory safety, data handling, equipment calibration and maintenance, quality assessment of chemical measurement systems.
Consider general synthesis of polymers.
MMCH 706 Polymer Technology
Polymer Structure: linear, branched, network polymers, amorphous, crystalline. Polymer properties: mechanical, thermal, optical, environmental, processability, structure-properties relationships. Additives: classes, functions, effects on properties and processing; Commodity thermoplastics: types, grades, structure, properties, processing, applications polyalkenes (LDPE, HDPE, LLDPE, PP, EVA); Styrenics (GPPS, TPS, SAN, ABS, ASA); Vinyl (PVC, PMMA, cellulosics (CA, CP, CAB); Engineering thermoplastics: polymides’s polyesters, PC, PPE, POM, blends; Themosets: PF, UF, polyesters, epoxides, polyurethanes; Materials selection: identification and selection
MMCH 707 Material Recycling
Consider material selection, manufacturing processes, material consumption during the `use’ phase, easier disassembly, recyclability (downscyclability), and ultimately efficient waste disposal, in an integrated manner.
MMCH 708 Adhesives Technology
The course provides the technology of adhesive bonding. The course starts with a review of the science of adhesion and adhesives and moves on to consider pre-treatment, different adhesive types and the design of bonding joints. Testing, durability and quality assurance are discussed and case studies in automobile, packaging and microelectronics presented.
MMCH 709 Metallic Materials
Metallic structures: slip systems, X-rays diffraction patterns, Imperfections: point, line, interfacial, bulk: dislocation production and movement, diffusion. Phase Diagrams and Transformations: eutectic, solid solution, partial, peritectic, ternary, intermediate compounds: structural transformations, Hardenability: heat treatments: surface hardening, Deformation: formability, super plasticity, hot and cold working processes: hardening and strengthening mechanisms. Failure Mechanisms: creep, fatigue, corrosion and its control; fracture toughness. Processing: routes for commercial metallic materials effect of bulk deformation on microstructure and properties. Ferrous and non-ferrous metal/alloys.
MMCH 802 Nanomaterials
Materials structured at the nanometric level. Characterisation at the nanoscale by a variety of electron, ion beam and scanning probe methodologies and these, together with position sensitive atom probe and spectroscopic ellipsometry. Nanoscale structure in metals, polymers and ceramics may have a marked influence on structure-property relationships with the possibility of providing behavior not seen in coarser scale structures. In addition certain new classes of materials may be produced at this size level, for example C60, carbon nanotubes and a variety of colloidal structures. The processing and applications of nanofluidics. The commercial perspective on the larger scale production of nanomaterials will be done to illustrate the move of this class of materials from laboratory to plant.
Bonding and Crystal Structure: glasses & ceramics, silicates, carbides, nitrides, glasses and glass-ceramics, cements. Processing: slip casting, powder processing, sol-gel techniques, thick film processing. Thermal properties: refractory oxides; Mechanical properties: mechanisms of plastic deformation, fracture mechanics, brittle fracture, toughening of ceramics, porosity, high performance ceramics. Electrical properties: ionic and electronic conduction, preparation processing and characterization of S/C materials and devices, dielectrics, ferroelectrics and piezoelectric materials and devices. Optical properties: transmission and absorption, optical fibres, infra-red optical materials, materials for photo-emission, photo-detection. Super conducting and Magnetic Materials: high temperature superconductors (materials and applications), causes of magnetism, super conducting magnets.
MMCH 804 Dissertation
Students who successfully complete the taught element of the programme and achieve the appropriate standard may articulate to the Master’s Degree. This will involve undertaking a project on either a full or a part-time basis, either in industry or based in the university. Examination is by means of a thesis.